A malicious URLs detection system using optimization and machine learning classifiers

Ong Vienna Lee, Ahmad Heryanto, Mohd Faizal Ab Razak, Anis Farihan Mat Raffei, Danakorn Nincarean Eh Phon, Shahreen Kasim, Tole Sutikno


The openness of the World Wide Web (Web) has become more exposed to cyber-attacks. An attacker performs the cyber-attacks on Web using malware Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) since it widely used by internet users. Therefore, a significant approach is required to detect malicious URLs and identify their nature attack. This study aims to assess the efficiency of the machine learning approach to detect and identify malicious URLs. In this study, we applied features optimization approaches by using a bio-inspired algorithm for selecting significant URL features which able to detect malicious URLs applications. By using machine learning approach with static analysis technique is used for detecting malicious URLs applications. Based on this combination as well as significant features, this paper shows promising results with higher detection accuracy.  The bio-inspired algorithm: particle swarm optimization (PSO) is used to optimized URLs features. In detecting malicious URLs, it shows that naïve Bayes and support vector machine (SVM) are able to achieve high detection accuracy with rate value of 99%, using URL as a feature.


Android, Machine learning, URLs, Features optimization, Detection system

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i3.pp1210-1214


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