Robust speaker verification in band-localized noise conditions

Ali O. Abid Noor

Abstract


This research paper presents a robust method for speaker verification in noisy environments. The noise is assumed to contaminate certain parts of the voice’s frequency spectrum. Therefore, the verification method is based on splitting the noisy speech into subsidiary bands then using a threshold to sense the existence of noise in a specific part of the spectrum, hence activating an adaptive filter in that part to track changes in noise’s characteristics and remove it. The decomposition is achieved using low complexity quadrature mirror filters QMF in three levels thus achieving four bands in a non-uniform that resembles human hearing perceptual. Speaker recognition is based on vector quantization VQ or template matching technique. Features are extracted from speaker’s voice using the normalized power in a similar way to the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients. The performance of the proposed system is evaluated using 60 speakers subjected to five levels of signal to noise ratio SNR using total success rate TSR, false acceptance rate FAR, false rejection rate FRR and equal error rate. The proposed method showed higher recognition accuracy than existing methods in severe noise conditions.

Keywords


Speaker verification, adaptive filtering; threshold controlled; in-band noise

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v13.i2.pp499-506

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