Ultra low bitrate retinal image compression using integer lifting scheme and subband encoder

Yassine Habchi, Ameur Fethi Aimer, Mohammed Beladgham, Riyadh Bouddou

Abstract


Recently, ophthalmic clinics have seen many complaints related to retinal diseases. The degree of clarity of the blood vessels (BV) in the eye can be an important indicator of some diseases affecting the retina such as diabetic retinopathy. To diagnose it, we need to intervene more than a medical team, especially in some difficult cases, through the exchange of medical images obtained by photography. This method has contributed significantly to the production of large data that can quickly saturate transmission, storage systems and increase processing time, so the need to compress images efficiently without modifying the content before transmission represents a major challenge. This paper provides an effective method for compressing color retinal images (CRI), which relies on the use of an integer lifting scheme (ILS) based on Cohen Daubechies-Feaveau wavelet (CDFW9/7) and the set partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT) to encode large coefficients. The obtained results demonstrate that the suggested method reduce algorithmic complexity, improve the retinal image quality and achieves high objective parameters values for ultra-low bitrate compared to the conventional methods.

Keywords


Blood vessels; Cohen Daubechies-Feaveau wavelet; Color retinal image; Integer lifting scheme; Subband encoder;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i1.pp%25p

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