Hybrid basis vector based underdetermined beamforming algorithm in optimized antenna reconfiguration

Krupa Prasad K. R., H. D. Maheshappa

Abstract


Optimized positioning of Antenna to obtain the best beam forming solution is adopted in this research. Non-Uniform linear array-based beamforming algorithms have the challenge of placing the array of antennas in positions that would implement best beamforming outputs. This paper attempts to obtain the optimized beam forming by tuning the Sparse Bayesian Learning based algorithm. The parameters used for tuning involve choosing the hybrid basis vector for creating the steering vector while at the same time developing the optimized position of the antennas. Basis vectors are the building blocks of the steering vector developed for the beamforming algorithm that finds the angle of arrival in antennas. Reconfiguration of antennas is carried out using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm and the basis vectors are generated using two different ways. One by cumulating similar basis vectors and another by cumulating two different basis vectors. The performance of accurate detection of angle of arrival in the beamforming algorithm is analyzed and results are discussed. This basis vector and antenna distance optimization is adopted on the sparse Bayesian learning paradigm. Performance evaluation of these optimizations in the algorithm is realised by validating the meansquare error (MSE) versus signal to noise ratio (SNR) graphs for both the cumulative basis vector and  hybrid basis vector cases.

Keywords


Antenna reconfiguration; Direction of arrival estimation; Hybrid basis vector; Signal beamforming; Sparse Bayesian learning;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i1.pp%25p

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