The readiness of Iraqi EFL teachers to use mobile learning in teaching english in schools

Ibtihal Hassan Mussa

Abstract


The importance of Mobile Learning (M-learning) has increased during the outbreak of COVID 19. Level of English Foreign Language (EFL) teachers to use the technology should be assessed to understand the perception and readiness of EFL teachers to use M-learning. Building on existing literature, this study proposed that performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence and facilitating condition will affect positively the readiness to use M-learning. The study also proposed attitude as a mediator and technology self-efficacy as a moderator. The data was collected from 163 EFL teachers in Iraq. The findings showed that facilitating condition, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence affected positively the readiness to use M-learning. Attitude fully mediated the effect of performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence on readiness to use M-learning. Technology self-efficacy did not moderate the effect of the variables but it has a significant direct effect on readiness to use M-learning. Decision makers are recommended to enhance the infrastructure and to initiate training courses to enhance the information technology knowledge of the EFL teachers.

Keywords


M-learning; English Foreign Language; TAM; UTAUT; Social cognitive theory



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i3.pp%25p

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