Unequal Clustering in Wireless Sensor Network: A Review

khalid waleed al-ani

Abstract


In recent time, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) attracts many researchers because of the diversity of its applications.  WSN comprising many sensor nodes with limited battery power. Therefore, energy consumption should be controlled to optimum. Clustering is an efficient solution for the energy management in WSN, but equal clustering does not consider the sink node location. This will cause the energy hole problem in multi-hop routing. Unequal clustering was introduced as solution to this problem. In this paper, a comprehensive review on various unequal clustering mechanisms are presented. The comparison between the various mechanisms were made based on cluster head election process, cluster formation and data transmission to highlight more efficient and scalable unequal clustering algorithm for WSN.


Keywords


Wireless Sensor Network; Unequal Clustering; Sink Node; Cluster Head

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i1.pp%25p
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