Data mining technique to analyse and predict crime using crime categories and arrest records

Most. Rokeya Khatun, Safial Islam Ayon, Md. Rahat Hossain, Md. Jaber Alam

Abstract


Generally, crimes influence organisations as it starts occurring frequently in society. Because of having many dimensions of crime data, it is difficult to mine the available information using off the shelf or statistical data analysis tools. Improving this process will aid the police as well as crime protection agencies to solve the crime rate in a faster period. Also, criminals can often be identified based on crime data. Data mining includes strategies at the convergence of machine learning and database frameworks. Using this concept, we can extract previously unknown useful information and their patterns of occurrence from unstructured data. The sole purpose of this paper is to give an idea of how data mining can be utilised by crime investigation agencies to discover relevant precautionary measures from prediction rates. Data sets are analysed by some supervised classification algorithms, namely decision tree, K-nearest neighbours (KNN) and random forest algorithms. Crime forecasting is done for frequently occurring crimes like robbery, assault, theft, etc. Specifically, the results indicate the superiority of the random forest algorithm in test accuracy.

Keywords


Crimes; K-Nearest Neighbours; Random forest; Decision tree; Crime type; Arrest attribute

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i2.pp1052-1060

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