Pulse Amplitude Modulation Scheme Based In Line Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOAs) for Optical Soliton Systems

Aadel M. Alatwi, Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

Abstract


The objective of this work is to simulate a pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) scheme based on in-line semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical soliton systems. The max. power for soliton systems, based on various bits/symbol PAM modulation schemes after a fiber length of 100 km, is simulated and clarified. In addition to the max. Q factor for soliton systems, PAM modulation schemes with various in-line SOA injection currents and a fiber length of 100 km are also simulated and demonstrated in the results. The total electrical power after photo-detectors for soliton systems, based on PAM modulation schemes with various in-line SOA injection currents and a fiber length of 100 km, is also simulated and clarified in the results. The study emphasizes that the higher the SOA injection current, the higher the electrical power and the lower the Q factor that can be achieved in the soliton system.


Keywords


PAM SOA injection current Electrooptic modulators Soliton pulse

References


Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, et al., “20 Gb/s Hybrid CWDM/DWDM for Extended Reach Fiber to the Home Network Applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. A Phys. Sci, Published Online 25 September 2018, Vol. 89, No. 4, pp. 653-662, Oct.-Dec. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s40010-018-0526-2.

A. Chandra, et al., “Unified BER and Optimum Threshold Analysis of Binary Modulations in Simple and Cascaded Rayleigh Fading Channels With Switched Combining,” International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 153-167, 2011.

A. Maksymiuk, and J. Siuzdak, “Modeling of Low Frequency Modal Noise Induced by Multimode Couplers in Cascade Connections,” Optica Applicata, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 649-660, 2011.

IS Amiri, et al., “Performance Enhancement of Fiber Optic and Optical Wireless Communication Channels by Using Forward Error Correction Codes,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 24 Dec. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0191.

IS Amiri, et al., “Z Shaped like resonator with crystal in the presence of flat mirror based standing wave ratio for optical antenna systems,” Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 1405-1409, March 2020, DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i3.pp1405-1409.

IS Amiri, et al., “Influence of device to device interconnection elements on the system behavior and stability,” Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 843-847, May 2020, DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v18.i2.pp843-847.

F. T. Sheehy, et al., “94 GHz Antenna-coupled LiNbO3 Electrooptic Modulators,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 5, pp 307-310, March 1993.

J. Witzens, et al., “Design of Transmission Line Driven Slot Waveguide Mach-Zehnder Interferometers and Application to Analog Optical Links,” Optics Express., Vol. 18, No. 16, pp. 1603-1628, 2010.

H. V. Pham, and Y. Okamura, “Electrooptic Modulators with Controlled Frequency Responses by Using Nonperiodically Polarization Reversed Structure,” Journal of Advances in Optoelectronics, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 1-8, 2008.

Min Chen, et al., “Advances in Multimedia Communications,” International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 24, No. 10, pp. 1243-1245, 2011.

Q. TAO, F. Luo, Q. Liang, Z. Wan, X. Song, and X. et al., “Optical Switch Based on Cascaded SOI Nonlinear Directional Coupler,” Optica Applicata, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 669-678, 2011.

T. Kawanishi, et al., “High Speed Control of Lightwave Amplitude, Phase, and Frequency by use of Electrooptic Effect,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 79–91, 2007.

H. V. Pham, et al., “Travelling Wave Electrooptic Modulators With Arbitrary Frequency Response Utilising Non Periodic Polarization Reversal,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 43, No. 24, pp. 1379–1381, 2007.

H. Tazawa and W. H. Steier, “Analysis of Ring Resonator Based Traveling Wave Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 211–213, 2006.

G. Xu, et al., “Organic Electrooptic Modulator Using Transparent Conducting Oxides As Electrodes,” Opt. Expr., Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 7380–7385, 2005.

A. Hamadou, “Optical External Efficiency Calculation for Mid Infrared Quantum Cascade Laser,” Optica Applicata, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 717-725, 2011.

M. Ghanbarisabagh, et al.,, “Cyclic Prefix Reduction for 20.48 Gb/s Direct Detection Optical OFDM Transmission over 2560 km of SSMF,” International Journal of Communication Systems, Vol. 24, No. 11, pp. 1407-1417, 2011.

H. Hu, et al., “Lithium Niobate Ridge Waveguides Fabricated by Wet Etching,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 19, No. 6, pp. 417-419, 2007.

A. Kozanecka, et al., “Electro Optic Activity of an Azopolymer Achieved Via Poling With the Aid of Silicon Nitride Insulating Layer,” Optica Applicata, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 777-785, 2011.

M. V. Raghavendra, P. H. Prasad, “Estimation of Optical Link Length for Multi Haul Applications,” International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No.6, pp. 1485-1491, 2010.

S. Praveen Chakkravarthy, et al., “Ultra high transmission capacity based on optical first order soliton propagation systems,” Results in Physics, Vol. 12, pp. 512-513, Mar. 2019.

L.M. Johnson, H. V. Roussell, “Reduction of Intermodulation distortion in Interferometric Optical Modulators,” Optics Letters, Vol. 13, No. 10, October 1988.

IS Amiri, et al., “High-Speed Transmission Circuits Signaling in Optical Communication Systems,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 9 Nov. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0197.

IS Amiri, et al., “Technical Specifications of the Submarine Fiber Optic Channel Bandwidth/Capacity in Optical Fiber Transmission Systems,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 9 Nov. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0226.

IS Amiri, Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, “Signal Processing Criteria Based on Electro-Optic Filters for Fiber Optic Access Transceiver Systems,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 12 Nov. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0116.

IS Amiri, et al., “Pump Laser Automatic Signal Control for Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier Gain, Noise Figure, and Output Spectral Power,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 17 Dec. 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0203.

Steven K. Korotky, René M. De Ridder, “Dual Parallel Modulation Schemes for Low-Distortion Analog Optical Transmission,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 8, No. 7, Sep. 1990.

J. F. Lam and G. L. Tangonan, “Optical modulation system with enhanced linearization properties,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 1102 - 1104, Dec. 1991.

William B. Bridges, James H. Schaffner, “Distortion in Linearized Electrooptic Modulators,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 43, No. 9, September 1995.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, Mohammed Salah F. Tabbour “Suitable Optical Fiber Communication Channel for Optical Nonlinearity Signal Processing in High Optical Data Rate Systems” Wireless Personal Communications Journal, Springer Publisher, Published online 24 May 2017, Vol. 97, No. 1, pp. 397-416, Nov. 2017.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, et al., “Optimum Flat Gain With Optical Amplification Technique Based on Both Gain Flattening Filters and Fiber Bragg Grating Methods,” Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics, Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 665-676, May 2018.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, Mohammed Salah F. Tabbour “The Trade Off Between Different Modulation Schemes for Maximum Long Reach High Data Transmission Capacity Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OOFDM)” Wireless Personal Communications Journal, Springer Publisher, Published online 14 May 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-018-5690-9, Vol. 101, No. 1, pp. 325-337, July 2018.

IS Amiri, et al., “Optical Communication Transmission Systems Improvement Based on Chromatic and Polarization Mode Dispersion Compensation Simulation Management,”, Published online 23 November 2019, Optik Journal, Vol. 207, article163853, April 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.163853.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, et al., “The switching of optoelectronics to full optical computing operations based on nonlinear metamaterials,” Results in Physics, Vol. 13, Article 102152, June 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2019.02.088.

IS Amiri, et al., “Comparative Simulation Study of Multi Stage Hybrid All Optical Fiber Amplifiers in Optical Communications,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 4 Feb. 2020, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0132.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i1.pp%25p
Total views : 16 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics