Lightweight Route Adjustment Strategy for Wireless Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks

OMAR ADIL MAHDI, Ahmed Basil Ghazi, Wid Badee Abdulaziz

Abstract


As a result of numerous applications and low installation costs, wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have expanded excessively. The main concern in the WSN environment is to lower energy consumption amidst nodes while preserving an acceptable level of service quality. Using multi-mobile sinks to reduce the nodes' energy consumption have been considered as an efficient strategy. In such networks, the dynamic network topology created by the sinks mobility makes it a challenging task to deliver the data to the sinks. Thus, in order to provide efficient data dissemination, the sensor nodes will have to readjust the routes to the current position of the mobile sinks. The route re-adjustment process could result in a significant maximization in the communication cost, which boosts the total energy depletion. This paper proposes a lightweight routes re-adjustment strategy for mobile sink wireless sensor networks (LRAS-MS) aimed at minimizing communication cost and energy consumption by reducing route re-adjustment in a cluster-based WSN environment. The simulation results show a significant reduction in communication costs and extending the network lifetime while maintaining comparable low data delivery delay.

Keywords


route adjustment ; mobile sink ; energy consumption ; overhead ; wireless sensor networks

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i1.pp%25p
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