A comparative study of hyperspectral unmixing using different algorithm approaches

Ain Zat Mohd Yusof, Redzuan Abdul Manap, Abdul Majid Darsono

Abstract


Hyperspectral unmixing (HU) is an important technique for remotely sensed hyperspectral data exploitation. Hyperspectral unmixing is required to get an accurate estimation due to low spatial resolution of hyperspectral cameras, microscopic material mixing, and multiple scattering that cause spectra measured by hyperspectral cameras are mixtures of spectra of materials in a scene. It is a process of estimating constituent endmembers and their fractional abundances present at each pixel in hyperspectral image. Researchers have devised and investigated many models searching for robust, stable, tractable and accurate unmixing algorithm. Such algorithm are highly desirable to avoid propagation of errors within the process. This paper presents the comparison of hyperspectral unmixing method by using different kind of algorithms. These algorithms are named VCA, NFINDR, SISAL, and CoNMF. The performance of unmixing process is evaluated by calculating the SAD (spectral angle distance) for each endmembers by using same input of hyperspectral data for different algorithm.

Keywords


Hyperspectral cameras; Hyperspectral unmixing; Spectral angle distance

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v20.i2.pp813-821

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