Detecting learning disabilities based on neuro-physiological interface of affect (NPIoA)

Nurul Izzati Mat Razi, Abdul Wahab Abdul Rahman, Norhaslinda Kamaruddin


Learning disability (LD) is a neurological processing disorder that causes impediment in processing and understanding information. LD is not only affecting academic performance but can also influence on relationship with family, friends and colleagues. Hence, it is important to detect the learning disabilities among children prior to the school year to avoid from anxiety, bully and other social problems. This research aims to implement the learning disabilities detection based on the emotions captured from electroencephalogram (EEG) to recognize the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia in order to have early diagnosis and assisting the clinician evaluation.  The results show several symptoms that ASD children have low alpha power with the Alpha-Beta Test (ABT) power ratio and ASD U-shaped graph, ADHD children have high Theta-Beta Test (TBT) power ratio while Dyslexia have high Left-over-Right Theta (LRT) power ratio.  This can be concluded that the learning disabilities detection methods proposed in this study is applicable for ASD, ADHD and also Dyslexia diagnosis.


Brain signal; Electroencephalogram; Emotion; Learning disability; Machine learning

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