A comprehensive review for optimal placement of phasor measurement unit for network observability

Maveeya Baba, Nursyarizal .B.M. Nor, Taib.B. Ibrahim, M.Aman. Sheikh

Abstract


Real time synchronized phasor measurement in power network is obtained by the improvement in monitoring, control and, protection of the power system. In recent time, the installation ratio of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) is constantly increasing for the real time measurement throughout worldwide. The increment in the number of PMU installation is to only focus on the improvement of system state estimation (SE) performance. However, the expensive nature of the metering device requires huge amount of installation cost with the other communication facilities, therefore an optimal placement of PMU is necessary. Different techniques have been designed and used to overcome this matter. The paper presents numerous optimization algorithms such as, Mathematical programming, Heuristic, and Meta-Heuristic techniques which are specially used for the optimization of PMU placement with complete network observability. Furthermore, each PMU technique is explained, and performances are compared for the most appropriate and optimal placement of PMU methods, which can be recommended for a future work to get complete network observability.

Keywords


Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs); State Estimation (SE); Optimal Placement Problem of PMUs (OPPP)



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v19.i1.pp%25p
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