Towards 5G millimeter-wave wireless networks: a comparative study on electro-optical upconversion techniques

Nael Ahmed Al-Shareefi, Jaafar A. Aldhaibaini, Sura Adil Abbas, Hadeel S. Obaid

Abstract


Fifth−generation (5G) wireless networks that use the MM−W hold a great promise to revolutionize wireless industry. However, the difficulty in generating and transmitting these high‐frequency signals in the electrical−domain due to bandwidth limitation of electronic components, and high absorption loss limits current applications. Consequently, optical generation and transmission of MM−W signals are a viable option. In this paper, a comparative study is carried out on three electro−optical upconversion (EOU) techniques to generate 60−GHz MM−W signal, namely 4−tupling, 6−tupling and 8−tupling. The paper briefly describes the three techniques and analyses the optical harmonic distortion suppression ratio (OHDSR) and electrical spurious suppression ratio (ESSR) generated by each one of the techniques. OHDSR and ESSR have been compared to show the trade-off between the techniques. In addition, the paper compares the implementation of non−ideal phase shifting on OHDSR for the three EOU techniques Finally, the performance of the three EOU techniques after transmission over optical fiber is evaluated by quality factor (Q−factor) and eye pattern test. The results of the simulation illustrate well the benefits of the performed study and confirm that the 4−tupling constitutes a cost−effective technique to generate MM−W signals.

Keywords


Comparative study; Eye pattern; Fifth-generation (5G); Q-factor; Tupling-techniques

References


U. Farooq and G. M. Rather, "Millimeter wave (MMW) communications for fifth generation (5G) mobile networks," in Progress in Advanced Computing and Intelligent Engineering, ed: Springer, 2019, pp. 97-106.

T. S. Rappaport, Y. Xing, G. R. MacCartney Jr, A. F. Molisch, E. Mellios, and J. Zhang, "Overview of millimeter wave communications for fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks-with a focus on propagation models," arXiv preprint arXiv:1708.02557, 2017.

X. Li, J. Xiao, and J. Yu, "Long-distance wireless mm-wave signal delivery at W-band," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 34, pp. 661-668, 2016.

K.-i. Kitayama, T. Kuri, H. Yokoyama, and M. Okuno, "60 GHz millimeter-wave generation and transport using stabilized mode-locked laser diode with optical frequency DEMUX switch," 1996, pp. 2162-2169.

T. Kuri, K.-i. Kitayama, and Y. Takahashi, "A single light-source configuration for full-duplex 60-GHz-band radio-on-fiber system," IEEE transactions on microwave theory and techniques, vol. 51, pp. 431-439, 2003.

V. Chuyanov, V. Kupershmidt, F. Kusnadi, H. Plaessmann, and M. Ozcan, "Packaged heterodyne source modules based on external cavity lasers for microwave applications," in Terahertz and Gigahertz Electronics and Photonics IV, 2005, pp. 82-88.

M. Hyodo, S. Saito, and Y. Kasai, "Optical phase-locked loop with fibre lasers for low phase noise millimetre-wave signal generation," Electronics letters, vol. 45, pp. 878-880, 2009.

K. Kojucharow, M. Sauer, H. Kaluzni, D. Sommer, F. Poegel, W. Nowak, et al., "Simultaneous electrooptical upconversion, remote oscillator generation, and air transmission of multiple optical WDM channels for a 60-GHz high-capacity indoor system," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 47, pp. 2249-2256, 1999.

X. Chen, L. Xia, and D. Huang, "A filterless 24-tupling optical millimeter-wave generation and RoF distribution," Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, vol. 147, pp. 22-26, 2017.

Z. Zhu, S. Zhao, X. Chu, and Y. Dong, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals via frequency 16-tupling without an optical filter," Optics Communications, vol. 354, pp. 40-47, 2015.

X. Yin, A. Wen, Y. Chen, and T. Wang, "Studies in an optical millimeter-wave generation scheme via two parallel dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulators," Journal of Modern Optics, vol. 58, pp. 665-673, 2011.

Z. Zhu, S. Zhao, W. Zheng, W. Wang, and B. Lin, "Filterless frequency 12-tupling optical millimeter-wave generation using two cascaded dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulators," Applied optics, vol. 54, pp. 9432-9440, 2015.

N. A. Mohammed, S. Hassan, F. Malek, R. Ngah, and S. A. Abbas, "Optical generation of 60-GHz signal for millimeter wave wireless communication," in 2013 IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference (RFM), 2013, pp. 437-440.

M. Baskaran and R. Prabakaran, "Optical millimeter wave signal generation with frequency 16-tupling using cascaded MZMs and no optical filtering for radio over fiber system," Journal of the European Optical Society-Rapid Publications, vol. 14, p. 13, 2018.

N. A. Al-Shareefi, S. I. S. Hassan, F. Malek, R. Ngah, S. A. Aljunid, R. A. Fayadh, et al., "Development of a new approach for high-quality quadrupling frequency optical millimeter-wave signal generation without optical filter," Progress in Electromagnetics Research, vol. 134, pp. 189-208, 2013.

P. Shi, S. Yu, and Z. Li, "A frequency sextupling scheme for high-quality optical millimeter-wave signal generation without optical filter," Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 17, pp. 236-241, 2011.

L. Shang, A. Wen, B. Li, T. Wang, Y. Chen, and M. a. Li, "A filterless optical millimeter-wave generation based on frequency octupling," Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, vol. 123, pp. 1183-1186, 2012.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 25, pp. 3244-3256, 2007.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v20.i3.pp%25p
Total views : 57 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics