Spectrum sensing and energy detection in cognitive networks

Mohammed Ayad Saad, Mustafa S. T, Mohammed Hussein Ali, M. M. Hashim, Mahamod Bin Ismail, Adnan H. Ali


It is worth mentioning that the use of wireless systems has been increased in recent years and supposed to highly increase in the few coming years because of the increasing demands of wireless applications such as mobile phones, Internet of Things (IoT), wireless sensors networks (WSNs), mobile applications and tablets. The scarcity of spectrum needs to be into consideration when designing a wireless system specially to answer the two following questions; how to use efficiently the spectrum available for the available networks in sharing process and how to increase the throughput delivered to the serving users. The spectrum sharing between several types of wireless networks where networks are called cognitive networks is used to let networks cooperate with each other by borrowing some spectrum bands between them especially when there is an extra band that is not used. In this project, the simulation of spectrum sensing and sharing in cognitive networks is performed between two cognitive networks. This project discusses the performance of probability of energy detected (Pd) with different values of false alarm (Pf) and Signal-To-Noise Ratio (SNR) values to evaluate the performance of the sensing and sharing process in cognitive networks. The results show that when the request of sharing spectrum increased, the full sharing process occurs for a long time and the error rate decreases for small values of SNR.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i1.pp464-471
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