Qualnet performances of grid-based clustering For WSN's routing protocols

Nahidah Hussein Ismail, Basheer Yousif Mohsin

Abstract


The wireless sensor networks (WSNs) believed to be as a hot research area due to their ranges in various fields of applications. Clustering is the more efficient techniques considered to resolve the problems of energy consumption in WSNs. The clustering has assured its effectiveness, specifically with high dynamic networks at which all nodes are represented in the clustering and all the data value can be collecting by sensor nodes with a cluster head (CH). The energy consumption as well as network traffic are balancing, the (CH) must be exchanged between all sensor nodes and the clustering size could be closely determined at various portions of the network. The key point at issue in WSN is to improve the energy-efficient algorithms with Grid based clustering for extending the lifetime of the networks, reducing cost, in addition to increasing the reliability of the network. The sensor nodes prepared with a power sources at limited period, so that the Grid Based Clustering algorithm (GBC) which efficiently employing sensor nodes energy have the ability to preserve an extended network lifetime. Sensor node Performances of the network mainly depend on the routing protocols, which are application based, four routing protocols LEACH, OLSR, AODV, and DSR in clustering WSN are estimated with Qualnet simulator. The results demonstrate that DSR outperforms in term of throughput, and end to end delay which compared to others while OLSR have highest value of half number of alive nodes per round.

Keywords


Grid-Based Clustering; Routing Protocols; WSN; Qualnet

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i1.pp448-456
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