A Wavelet Based Solar Radiation Prediction in Nigeria Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Approach

Sani Salisu, Mohd Wazir Mustafa, Mamunu Mustapha

Abstract


In this study, a hybrid approach combining an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and Wavelet Transform (WT) is examined for solar radiation prediction in Nigeria. Meteorological data obtained from NIMET Nigeria comprising of monthly mean minimum temperature, maximum temperature, relative humidity and sunshine hours were used as inputs to the model and monthly mean solar radiation was used as the model output. The data used was divided into two for training and testing, with 70% used during the training phase and 30% during the testing phase. The hybrid model performance is assessed using three statistical evaluators, Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Coefficient of determination (R2). According to the results obtained, a very accurate prediction was achieved by the WT- ANFIS model by improving the value of (R2) by at least 14% and RMSE by at least 78% when compared with other existing models. And a MAPE of 2% is recorded using the proposed approach. The obtained results prove the developed WT-ANFIS model as an efficient tool for solar radiation prediction.


Keywords


ANFIS, Wavelet Transform, solar radiation, meteorological data, Nigeria

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v12.i3.pp907-915

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