Raga classification based on pitch co-occurrence based features

Vibhavari Rajadnya, Kalyani Joshi

Abstract


Analysis and classification of raga is the need of time especially in music industry. With the presence of abundance of multimedia data on internet, it is imperative to develop appropriate tools to classify ragas. In this work, an attempt has been made to use occurrence pattern of pitch based svara (note) for classification. Sequence of notes is an important cue in the raga classification. Pitch based Svara (note) profile is formed. This pattern present in the signal along with its statistical distribution can be characterized using co-occurrence matrix. Proposed note co-occurrence matrix summarizes this aspect. This matrix captures both tonal and temporal aspects of melody. Ragas differ in terms of distribution of spectral power. K Nearest Neighbor (KNN) has been used as the classifier. Publicly available database consisting of 300 recordings of 30 Hindustani ragas consisting of 130 hours of audio recordings stored as 160kbps mp3 files which is part of CompMusic project is used. Leave one out validation strategy is used to evaluate the performance. Experimental result indicates the effectiveness of the proposed scheme which is giving accuracy of 93.7%.


Keywords


Data mining; Instruments; MFCC; Music information retrieval; Raga classification



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i1.pp%25p

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