A small footprint printed cross-dipole antenna with wide impedance bandwidth and circular polarization

Mustafa Hasan, Nasr Alkhafaji, Hussam AlAnsary, Azhar R. Mohsin


Wideband circularly polarized (CP) cross-dipole antennas with flat, cavity and artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) reflectors are proposed. Each proposed antenna consists of a pair of driven dipoles, a pair of vacant-quarter printed rings, and a 50Ω coaxial probe. The boomerang shape has been adopted in the crossed-dipole. This shape makes the design more compact, so it can be a good candidate in the antenna array because of reducing the mutual coupling. All numerical simulation works have been done using the ANSYS electromagnetic (EM) software based on the finite element method (FEM) algorithm. The presented crossed-dipole with a cavity has the best performance compared to ones with conventional flat and AMC grounds. However, the crossed-dipole with the AMC ground is a low-profile structure. Thus, the paper investigates and discusses the results of the proposed strctures thoroughly. The obtained impedance bandwidth (IBW) is 42% (5.1-7.85 GHz) and the axial-ratio bandwidth (ARBW) is 7.72% (5.86-6.32 GHz) for the crossed-dipole with the conventional flat ground (i.e., reflector). Furthermore, the IBW and ARBW for the antenna with the cavity reflector are 50.37% (5.08-8.5 GHz) and 26.4% (5.72-7.46 GHz), respectively. The antenna with the AMC ground has the characterstics of the IBW and ARBW as 38.16% (5.36-7.89 GHz) and 15.16% (5.79-6.74 GHz), respectively. All structures are designed to operate for the C-band and wireless local area networks (WLAN) applications.


AMC; Boomerang arms; Cavity reflector; Circularly polarized; Crossed dipoles; Wideband;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v24.i1.pp347-356


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