Spatial Optical Transmitter Based on On/Off Keying Line Coding Modulation Scheme for Optimum Performance of Telecommunication Systems

Hazem M. El-Hageen, Aadel M. Alatwi, Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

Abstract


This study has presented a spatial optical transmitter based on on off keying line coding modulation scheme for the optimum performance of telecommunication systems. The encircled flux versus fiber core radius, the 3D graph for fiber mode versus core radius, and the signal power level in dBm versus wavelength through coarse wavelength division multiplexing with a fiber length of 20 km are presented and discussed in detail. The total power measured in W and dBm as well as the signal power amplitude level obtained through the infinite impulse response (IIR) filter based on both Z domain and pole/zero coefficient filter types are illustrated clearly. Signal gain, noise figure, maximum Q factor, and received power are also clarified against bit rates for various modulation line coding schemes.


Keywords


On Off keying Line coding Signal gain Optimum performance Telecommunication system

References


M. Zhao, et al., “Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 390–392, Mar. 2002.

F. Öhman, et al., “Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 245–255, Mar. 2004.

M. Menif, et al., “Error free transmission for incoherent broadband optical communications systems using incoherent-to-coherent wavelength conversion,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 287–294, Jan. 2005.

A. Gupta, “Comparative Analysis of Various Wavelength Division Multiplexed PON Standards,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 51-54, Jan. 2019.

J. Mork, et al., “The Dynamics of Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers: Modeling and Applications,” Optics & Photonics News, Vol. 13, pp. 42-48, July 2003.

H. Kim, and J. Lee, “A gain-clamped SOA with distributed Bragg reflectors fabricated under both ends of active waveguide with different lengths,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 16, issue 4, pp. 999-1001, April 2004.

E. S. Björlin, et al., “Carrier-confined vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers for higher gain and efficiency,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 9, pp. 1374-1385, Sep/Oct. 2003.

Y. Said, et al., “Analysis of Noise Effects in Long Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” The Open Optics Journal, Vol. 2, pp. 61-66, 2008.

E. S. Björlin, et al., “Optically preamplified receiver at 10 Gb/s using a vertical cavity SOA,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1474-1475, Nov. 2001.

F. Öhman, et al., “Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 245–255, Mar. 2004.

S. Iyer, S. P. Singh, “Effect of Channel Spacing on the Design of Mixed Line Rate Optical Wavelength Division Multiplexed Networks,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 75-82, Jan. 2019.

IS Amiri, et al., “Interaction between Optical Sources and Optical Modulators for High-Speed Optical Communication Networks,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 15 March 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0041.

IS Amiri, et al., “Effects of Order Super Gaussian Pulses on the Performance of High Data Rate Optical Fiber Channel in the Presence of Self Phase Modulation,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 5 April 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0039.

IS Amiri, et al., “Mathematical Model Analysis of Dispersion and Loss in Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 5 April 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0052.

IS Amiri, et al., “Basic Functions of Fiber Bragg Grating Effects on the Optical Fiber Systems Performance Efficiency,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 5 April 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0042.

IS Amiri, et al., “Nonlinear Effects with Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 12 April 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0053.

IS Amiri, et al., “High-Speed Light Sources in High-Speed Optical Passive Local Area Communication Networks,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 20 April 2019, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0070.

V. R. Miriampally, T. Hailu, “2D Single Mode Optical Fiber Wave Guide Design for Multi Haul Applications,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Electronics and Communications (IJIREC), Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 24-35, 2016, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2349-4050.0305004, www.arcjournals.org.

F. E. Seraji, R. Kiaee, “A Revisit of Refractive Index Profiles Design for Reduction of Positive Dispersion, Splice Loss, and Enhancement of Negative Dispersion in Optical Transmission Lines,” International Journal of Optics and Applications, Vo. 4, No. 2, pp. 62-67, 2014, DOI: 10.5923/j.optics.20140402.06.

S. A. Bhuiyan, “Design, Simulation, Performance Analysis and Optimization Process of MMGRIN Fiber with RI Distribution,” 1st International conference on Electrical & Communication Engineering and Renewable Energy, pp. 1-6, 2014.

M. Artiglia, “Mode field Diameter Measurements in Single Mode Optical Fibers,” Journal of Lightwave Tech., Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 11391152, 1989.

V. Palodiya, S. K. Raghuwanshi, “Dispersion Characteristics of Novel Class Multi Clad Dispersion Shifted Hollow Core Fibers for WDM Optical Systems,” Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, Vol. 56, pp. 76-79, Jan. 2018.

C. Kromer et al., “A Low-Power 20-GHz 52-dB Transimpedance Amplifier in 80-nm CMOS,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 885-894, June 2004.

D. Praveen, et al., “A Comparative Analysis of Transimpedance Amplifier in Giga-bit Optical Communication,” Research Journal of Engineering Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 6-9, Mar. 2014.

Lucas M. Riob, et al., “Wideband Transimpedance Amplifiers for Optoelectronics: Applications to Dynamic Interferometry,” Revista elektron, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 16-22, 2017.

L. Safar, M. S. Zaki, “Design and Simulation of Differential Transimpedance Amplifier (TIA) Based on 0.18 μm CMOS Technology,” Al-Rafidain Engineering, Vol.21, No. 4, pp. 121-130 Aug. 2013.

X. Hui, et al., “A 3.125-Gb/s Inductor Less Transimpedance Amplifier for Optical Communication in 0.35 μm CMOS,” Journal of Semiconductors, Vol. 32, No. 10, pp. 105003 (1-6), Oct. 2011.

S. Subi, and G. b. Lakshmi, “Optical Solitons Simulation Using DSF and Optical Pulse Generator in Single Mode Optical Fiber,” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), ISSN (Online): 2319-7064, Vol. 4 Issue 2, pp. 254-258, Feb. 2015.

M. Arora and G. Pandove, “Simulated Circuit for Generation of 40 GHz Soliton Train,” International Journal of Emerging Trends in Electrical and Electronics (IJETEE – ISSN: 2320-9569), Vol. 5, Issue. 2, pp. 73-76, July-2013.

A. C. Kadhim, “Simulation and Evaluation of Soliton Signal Effects In Fiber Optics ,” Iraqi Journal of Science, Vol 54, Supplement No. 4, pp.1108-1114, 2013.

IS Amiri, et al., “Z Shaped like resonator with crystal in the presence of flat mirror based standing wave ratio for optical antenna systems,” Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 1405-1409, March 2020, DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v17.i3.pp1405-1409.

IS Amiri, et al., “Influence of device to device interconnection elements on the system behavior and stability,” Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 843-847, May 2020, DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v18.i2.pp843-847.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, et al., “Dental lasers applications in visible wavelength operational band,” Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 890-895, May 2020, DOI: 10.11591/ijeecs.v18.i2.pp890-895.

IS Amiri, et al., “Comparative Simulation Study of Multi Stage Hybrid All Optical Fiber Amplifiers in Optical Communications,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 4 Feb. 2020, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0132.

IS Amiri, et al., “Optical Communication Transmission Systems Improvement Based on Chromatic and Polarization Mode Dispersion Compensation Simulation Management,”, Published online 23 November 2019, Optik Journal, Vol. 207, article163853, April 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2019.163853.

Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed, et al., “Distributed Feedback Laser (DFB) for Signal Power Amplitude Level Improvement in Long Spectral Band,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 2 April 2020, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0252.

IS Amiri, et al., “Analytical Model Analysis of Reflection/Transmission Characteristics of Long-Period Fiber Bragg Grating (LPFBG) by Using Coupled Mode Theory,” Journal of Optical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 0, Published Online: 2 April 2020, https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2019-0187.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v21.i1.pp%25p
Total views : 2 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics