Classifying a type of brain disorder in children: an effective fMRI based deep attempt

Abeer M Mahmoud, Hanen Karamti

Abstract


Recent advanced intelligent learning approaches that are based on using neural networks in medical diagnosing increased researcher expectations. In fact, the literature proved a straight-line relation of the exact needs and the achieved results. Accordingly, it encouraged promising directions of applying these approaches toward saving time and efforts. This paper proposes a novel hybrid deep learning framework that is based on the restricted boltzmann machines (RBM) and the contractive autoencoder (CA) to classify the brain disorder and healthy control cases in children less than 12 years. The RBM focuses on obtaining the discriminative set of high guided features in the classification process, while the CA provides the regularization and the robustness of features for optimal objectives. The proposed framework diagnosed children with autism recording accuracy of 91, 14% and proved enhancement compared to literature.

Keywords


Autoencoder; Deep framework; Restricted boltzmann machine

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v22.i1.pp260-269

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