Indonesian license plate recognition with improved horizontal-vertical edge projection

Ida Nurhaida, Imam Nududdin, Desi Ramayanti


License plate recognition (LPR) is one of the classical problems in the field of object recognition. Its application is very crucial in the automation of transportation system since it helps to recognise a vehicle identity, which information is stored in the license plate. LPR usually consists of three major phases: pre-processing, license plate localisation, optical character recognition (OCR). Despite being classical, its implementation faced with much more complicated problems in the real scenario. This paper proposed an improved LPR algorithm based on modified horizontal-vertical edge Projection. The method uses for detecting and localising the region of interest. It is done using the horizontal and vertical projection of the image. Related works proved that the modified horizontal-vertical edge projection is the simplest method to be implemented, yet very effective against Indonesian license plate. However, its performance gets reduced when specular reflection occurs in the sample image. Therefore, morphological operations are utilised in the pre-processing phase to reduce such effects while preserving the needed information. Eighty sample images which captured using various camera configurations were used in this research. Based on the experimental results, our proposed algorithm shows an improvement compared with the previous study and successfully detect 71 license plates in 80 image samples which results in 88.75% accuracy.


Computer vision; Image processing; License plate recognition; Morphology operation

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