Significance of Electrodermal Activity Response in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Awais Gul Airij Gul, Rubita Sudirman, Usman Ullah Sheikh, Lee Yoot Khuan, Nor Aini Zakaria

Abstract


The human Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) controls the body’s physiological responses such as heart rate, electrodermal activity, temperature, and pupil diameter. The physiological responses are increased in the presence of a stressing stimuli and this is a typical ANS response. However, in case of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), they suffer from autonomic dysregulation as reported in past owing to their atypical ANS response. This study investigated the ANS response of children with ASD and compares it with the response of normal children. EDA response datasets of 35 children with ASD and 55 normal children were acquired with the help of E4 wristband at a sampling rate of 4Hz. The signals were preprocessed to remove artefacts and noise and later compared. Furthermore, an SVM classifier was also used to classify the EDA response signals of normal children and children with ASD. The obtained results highlight that the ANS response of children with ASD is atypical as their EDA response is blunt and shows no significant tonic and phasic changes in EDA levels in the presence of stressing stimuli. In addition to that, an accuracy of 75% was obtained using the LF kernel of SVM classifier. The study further unfolds the hypoactive sympathetic response of children with ASD during a stressing event. Furthermore, this will help in future to anticipate the emotional responses of children with ASD such as anger, happiness, and anxiety.

Keywords


Autonomic Nervous System; Autism Spectrum Disorder; Electrodermal Activity; Physiological Signals; Stress



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v19.i2.pp%25p
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