Wideband Tetraskelion Dielectric Resonator Antenna

Irfan Ali, Mohd Haizal Jamaluddin, Abinash Gaya


In this paper, a wideband tetraskelion dielectric resonator antenna with a low profile and high gain for the upcoming fifth generation (5G) communication applications is presented. The proposed DR antenna has been designed at the operating frequency of 26 GHz. The designed antenna is etched on Rogers RT/Duroid 5880 substrate of dielectric constant 𝜀𝑟=2.2, with a thickness of 0.254mm.The DR material having a relative dielectric constant (𝜀𝑟) of 10 is used for a proposed design. The antenna was fed by using a 50-ohm microstrip line with slot coupling. The simulation and optimization have been performed by using the commercial software CST Microwave studio. The proposed structure exhibits a wide impedance bandwidth of 19.6% for |S11|< -10 dB from 24.5 to 29.6 GHz and peak gain of 9 dBi with the efficiency of 95% for complete bandwidth. The results show that an antenna is low profile and can be used for 5G wireless communication Applications.


Dielectric resonator antenna, Wideband, tetraskelion, Q-factor, 5G


A. A. Id, J. Jung, Y. Yang, K. Lee, S. Yi, and K. C. Hwang, “A 3-D Meandered Probe-Fed Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Dielectric Resonator Antenna,” sensors, pp. 1–11, 2018.

A. Iqbal, A. Smida, O. A. Saraereh, and Q. H. Alsafasfeh, “Cylindrical Dielectric Resonator Antenna-Based Sensors for Liquid Chemical Detection,” sensors, pp. 2–10, 2019.

I. Ali, M. H. Jamaluddin, M. R. Kamarudin, A. Gaya, and R. Selvaraju, “Wideband and high gain dielectric resonator antenna for 5G applications,” Bull. Electr. Eng. Informatics, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 1–6, 2019.

I. Ali, M. H. Jamaluddin, M. R. Kamarudin, A. Gaya, and M. H. Dahri, “‘Gain enhancement of dielectric resonator antenna for millimeter wave applications’,” TELKOMNIKA Telecommun. Comput. Electron. Control, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1670–1673, 2019.

A. Petosa, Dielectric Resonator Antenna Handbook. Norwood, MA:Artech House, 2007.

K.M.Luk and K.W.Leung, Dielectric Resonator Antennas. Bal dock, U.K.: Research Studies Press, 2003.

P. F. Hu, Y. M. Pan, X. Y. Zhang, and S. Y. Zheng, “A Compact Filtering Dielectric Resonator Antenna with Wide Bandwidth and High Gain,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 3645–3651, 2016.

W. M. Abdel-Wahab, S. Safavi-Naeini, and D. Busuioc, “High gain/ efficiency 2D-dielectric resonator antenna array for low cost mm-wave systems,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. AP-S Int. Symp., pp. 1682–1684, 2011.

J. S. Wight, A. Petosa, R. K. Mongia, and A. Ittipiboon, “Design of microstrip-fed series array of dielectric resonator antennas,” Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 16, pp. 1306–1307, 1995.

M. Khalily, M. K. A. Rahim, and A. A. Kishk, “Bandwidth enhancement and radiation characteristics improvement of rectangular dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 393–395, 2011.

Abinash Gaya, M.H. Jamaluddin and I. Ali, “Performance Analysis of a Dielectric Resonator Antenna with Different Feeding Technique for 5G Communication,” in International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics (ICon EEI), 2018, no. October, pp. 92–97.

S. Fakhte, H. Oraizi, L. S. Member, L. Matekovits, and S. Member, “High Gain Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna using Uniaxial Material at Fundamental Mode,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 342–347, 2017.

I. Ali, M. H. Jamaluddin, M. R. Kamarudin, A. Gaya, and S. Raghuraman, “Perforated Dielectric Resonator Antenna Operating on Higher Order Mode,” 2018 IEEE Int. RF Microw. Conf., pp. 250–253, 2018.

K. S. Ryu and A. A. Kishk, “UWB dielectric resonator antenna having consistent omnidirectional pattern and low cross-polarization characteristics,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 1403–1408, 2011.

T. A. Denidni and Z. Weng, “Rectangular dielectric resonator antenna for ultrawideband applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 10, no. 24, pp. 250–251, 2009.

I. Ali, M. H. Jamaluddin, A. Gaya, and H. A. Rahim, “A Dielectric Resonator Antenna with Enhanced Gain and Bandwidth for 5G Applications,” sensors, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1–12, 2020.

X. S. Fang and K. W. Leung, “Linear-/circular-polarization designs of dual-/wide-band cylindrical dielectric resonator antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 2662–2671, 2012.

Y.-F. W. ; T. A. D. ; Q.-S. Z. ; G. Wei, “Design of high gain , broadband cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna,” Electron. Lett., vol. 49, no. 24, pp. 1506–1507, 2013.

K. W. Leung, K. M. Luk, K. Y. A. Lai, and D. Lin, “Theory and experiment of an aperture-coupled hemispherical dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 1192–1198, 1995.

H. Y. Lo, K. W. Leung, K. M. Luk, and E. K. N. Yung, “Low profile equilateral-triangular dielectric resonator antenna of very high permittivity,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 25, p. 2164, 1999.

S. Dhar, R. Ghatak, B. Gupta, and D. R. Poddar, “A wideband minkowski fractal dielectric resonator antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 2895–2903, 2013.

A.A. Kishk ; B. Ahn ; D. Kajfez, “Broadband stacked dielectric resonator antennas,” Electron. Lett., vol. 25, no. 18, pp. 1232–1233, 1989.

Y. M. Pan and S. Y. Zheng, “A Low-Profile Stacked Dielectric Resonator Antenna with High-Gain and Wide Bandwidth,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 68–71, 2016.

X. Liang, T. A. Denidni, and S. Member, “H-Shaped Dielectric Resonator Antenna for Wideband Applications,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 163–166, 2008.

Q. Rao, T. A. Denidni, and A. R. Sebak, “Broadband Compact Stacked T-Shaped DRA With Equilateral-Triangle Cross Sections,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. COMPONENTS Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 7–9, 2006.

T. A. Denidni, S. Member, Q. Rao, A. R. Sebak, and S. Member, “Broadband L-Shaped Dielectric Resonator Antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 453–454, 2005.

and M. N.-J. Tayeb A. Denidni, Zibin Weng, “Z-Shaped Dielectric Resonator Antenna for Ultrawideband Applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 4059–4062, 2010.

R. K. Mongia and A. Ittipiboon, “Theoretical and experimental investigations on rectangular dielectric resonatorantennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1348–1356, 1997.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v19.i2.pp%25p
Total views : 2 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

shopify stats IJEECS visitor statistics