Deep Learning versus Traditional Methods for Parking Lots Occupancy Classification

Mohamed Sayed Farag, Mostafa Mohamed Mohie El Din, Hassan Ahmed Elshenbary

Abstract


Due to the increase in number of cars and slow city developments, there is a need for smart parking system. One of the main issues in smart parking systems is parking lot occupancy status classification, so this paper introduce two methods for parking lot classification. The first method uses the mean, after converting the colored image to grayscale, then to black/white. If the mean is greater than a given threshold it is classified as occupied, otherwise it is empty. This method gave 90% correct classification rate on cnrall database. It overcome the alexnet deep learning method trained and tested on   the same database (the mean method has no training time). The second method, which depends on deep learning is a deep learning neural network consists of 11 layers, trained and tested on the same database. It gave 93% correct classification rate, when trained on cnrall and tested on the same database. As shown, this method overcome the alexnet deep learning and the mean methods on the same database. On the Pklot database the alexnet and our deep learning network have a close resutls, overcome the mean method (greater than 95%).

Keywords


Smart Parking, Parking Lot Classification, PCA, DWT, Deep Learning, Alexnet and Intelligent Transportation Systems

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v19.i2.pp%25p
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