Comparison by simulation of PEGASIS and IEEPB routing protocols

Samah Alnajdi, Fuad Bajaber

Abstract


As the applications of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) became widely used throughout the years the importance of advanced sensor networks techniques increased as well. One of the main techniques used in WSNs is hierarchical routing which mainly aims to reduce the consumption of sensor nodes energy by assigning different roles to the sensor nodes to create multi-layer scheme for data transmission. This paper embraces a simulation for two known hierarchical routing protocols: Power-Efficient Gathering in Sensor Information Systems (PEGASIS) protocol and an Improved Energy-Efficient PEGASIS-Based (IEEPB) protocol. Both protocols aim to reduce the transmission distance in order to save the nodes energy by performing chain-based clustering. For evaluation, we measured the residual energy and control overhead throughout the network operation time and the results showed major flaws in both protocols such as long link problem and poor leader selection method in PEGASIS. Moreover, high nodes density problem in IEEPB.

Keywords


Energy consumption, Hierarchical routing, protocols Network lifetime, Simulation, Wireless sensor networks

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v16.i3.pp1569-1576
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